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Technology to Grow Single Crystals of CsI:Tl and Fabrication of Radiation Detectors


  • NOTE: Facility for online Application for transfer of technology would be available soon...

Technology to grow single crystals of CsI:Tl using the modified Bridgman technique is developed in BARC. Single crystals of size 50 mm diameter and 60 mm length can be grown in this system. Further, processing of grown crystals and coupling of the scintillator crystal to suitable photo-detectors to fabricate nuclear radiation detectors has been offered in the technology.

Parties with sound financial background, relevant experience in nuclear radiation detectors, having clean room atmosphere and with conditioned ambient would be preferred.

Single crystals of alkali halide inorganic scintillators are useful as nuclear radiation detectors in gamma-ray spectroscopy and radiography applications. These crystals are grown in silica crucibles using the vertical Bridgman technique. Crystals of CsI:Tl coupled to suitable photo-detectors have exhibited excellent energy resolution of less than 8% at 662 keV, suitable to be used as radiation detectors in gamma-ray spectroscopy for the identification of radio-active nuclides.

BARC has developed a novel crystal growth system based on the modified Bridgman technique to grow high quality, crack-free single crystals of CsI:Tl. Single crystals of CsI:Tl up to 50 mm in diameter and 60 mm in length could be grown with almost 100% yield. Expertise has been developed to process the grown CsI:Tl crystals and fabricate scintillator detectors using photo-diodes as well as PMTs.

SPECIFICATIONS

Crystal dimension (mm)

:
:

Diameter : 50 mm, 
Length : 60 mm
Density [g/cm3]:4.51
Melting point [°C]:621
Energy resolution:Less than 8% at 662 keV
Hygroscopic:slightly
Wavelength of emission max. [nm]:550
Lower wavelength cutoff [nm]:320
Light yield [photons/keVγ]:54
Photoelectron yield with PMT [% of NaI(Tl)] (for γ-rays):45
Primary Decay time (ns):1000

APPLICATIONS

  • Gamma-ray spectrometer
  • High energy radiation detectors
  • Nuclear Physics Experiments
  • Area monitor
  • Medical imaging
  • Security baggage scanning

INTRODUCTION

Single crystals of alkali halide inorganic scintillators are useful as nuclear radiation detectors in gamma-ray spectroscopy and radiography applications. These crystals are grown in silica crucibles using the vertical Bridgman technique. Crystals of CsI:Tl coupled to suitable photo-detectors have exhibited excellent energy resolution of less than 8% at 662 keV, suitable to be used as radiation detectors in gamma-ray spectroscopy applications. The CsI:Tl being less hygroscopic in nature is easier to handle compared to NaI:Tl crystal. Secondly, the emission from CsI:Tl scintillator at 550 nm makes it suitable to be coupled to photo-diodes to fabricate compact devices operating at lower voltages compared to PMT. 

BARC has developed a novel crystal growth system based on the modified Bridgman technique to grow high quality, crack-free single crystals of CsI:Tl. Easy extraction of the grown crystal is achieved using a uniquely designed silica crucible and an ingenious furnace design that has precise temperature control mechanism and highly accurate motor for lowering the crucible. Single crystals of CsI:Tl up to 50 mm in diameter and 60 mm in length could be grown with almost 100% yield. The technology also covers processing of the grown CsI:Tl crystals and fabrication of scintillator detectors using photo-diodes as well as PMTs.

SPECIFICATIONS

Crystal dimension (mm)

:
:

Diameter : 50 mm, 
Length : 60 mm
Density [g/cm3]:4.51
Melting point [°C]:621
Thermal expansion coefficient [°C-1]:54 x 10-6
Cleavage plane:none
Hardness (Mohs):2
Hygroscopic:slightly
Wavelength of emission max. [nm]:550
Lower wavelength cutoff [nm]:320
Refractive index @ emission max:1.79
Primary Decay time (ns):1000
Light yield [photons/keVγ]:54
Energy resolution:

Less than 8% at 662 keV

APPLICATIONS

  • Gamma-ray spectrometer
  • High energy radiation detectors
  • Nuclear Physics Experiments
  • Area monitor
  • Medical imaging
  • Security baggage scanning

REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION

  • Infrastructural Requirements

Space

About 600 sq feet (25x25 sq. ft) roofed area with proper arrangement of cleanness (preferably Class 10,000), dust proof with controlled temperature (25±1°C) and humidity (<55%) with continuous electricity.

Equipment

  • Growth Furnace
  • Dehydration unit
  • Weighing balance
  • Cutting machines
  • PMT and associated electronics for testing
  • Glass blowing facility for sealing
  • Laminar flow bench

Consumables

  • Vacuum desiccators
  • Quartz crucible
  • Raw material
  • Process chemicals (alcohol, optical grease, oil)
  • Emery papers
  • Alumina powder
  • Manpower Requirement
    • One B.Sc. (Physics) and one M.Sc. (Physics) or equivalent degree


  • Power Supply Requirement
    • 220 V, 50 Hz, Single phase, 15 A
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General License Fee : ₹ 400,000.00 (Four Lakh)

General Royalty : 0%